Horse Fly Larva Illustration
Horse Fly Larva (Tabanidae),
colored pencil and watercolor
Commissioned by: Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
About horse fly larvae:
Horse flies have complete metamorphosis, which means they have egg, larval, pupal, and adult stages.
Horse fly larvae look like maggots. They are found in water or moist soil. They eat other insects, organic debris, small crustaceans, snails, and earthworms. After one to two years in the larval state, the larvae migrate to dryer soil and undergo the pupal (cocoon) stage, which is referred to as pupating, after which they emerge as adults. Adult horse flies live for several days. Female horse flies lay eggs on plants in water. Horse flies occur in all areas of the world other than the coldest areas. They are also referred to as gadflies.
Phylum: Arthropoda (having a segmented body with appendages on each segment)
More about horse fly larvae:
University of Kentucky Entomology: Horse Flies
University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Horse Flies
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